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Plant Details

Accepted name: 
Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. [Asteraceae]
Source of taxonomy and confidence: 
World Checklist: unpublished records ( Two stars out of three )
Information about this plant: 
Non-scientific name: Class of name: Medicinal source:
akrab Other Traditional Persian Med. Pl. Database (Rahimi et al., 2018)
akùb Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
artichnuat sauvage Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
a’koub Other Med. Plants in Jordan (Oran, 1998)
blessed milk thistle Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Med. Pl. Uzbekistan & Kyrgyzstan (Eisenman et al., 2013)
blessed thistle Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
bull thistle Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
cardo blanco Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
cardo de burro Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
cardo de maría Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
cardo lechero Other Archivos de Flora Iberica (Morales et al., 1996)
GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
World Economic Plants (Wiersema et al., 2013)
cardo mariano Other Annexo III: Veg. Drugs in Registry of Meds, Argentina (2009)
Archivos de Flora Iberica (Morales et al., 1996)
Dizionario Delle Erbe Med. (Suozzi, 1995)
GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
WHODrug Herbal Substances (WHO-UMC, 2019)
World Economic Plants (Wiersema et al., 2013)
cardo mariano, fruto Other Farmacopea Argentina, 8th edn. (2012)
Farmacopea Herbolaria Mexicanos (2013)
cardo-leiteiro Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
cardui mariae fructus Pharmaceutical E-Kommission: Unapproved Status (1984-1994)
Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
cardui mariae herba Pharmaceutical E-Kommission: Approved Status (1984-1994)
carduo mariano Other Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
carduus marianus Other U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016)
U.S. Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia (HPUS, 2009)
chardon argente Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
chardon argenté Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
chardon marie Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Les Plantes Méd. de la Pharmacopée: Liste A (2000)
Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
chardon- marie Other Encyclopedia of Herb. Medicine (Bartram, 1995)
Les Plantes Arom. et Med. (Bremness, 1996)
Timber Press Plant Names (Erhardt et al., 2009)
chardon-marie Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
frauendistelfrüchte Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
fructus cardui mariae Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
fructus silybi Pharmaceutical Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
fructus silybi mariae Pharmaceutical WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
fruit de chardon marie Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
fruit of silybum marianum Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
gaourokavlos Other Wild Edible Pls. of Paphos and Larnaca of Cyprus (Della et al., 2006)
gundagai thistle Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
holy or milk thistle Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
holy thistle Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
kandyara Other Med. Floral Knowledge of Sarban Hills, Pakistan (Ijaz et al., 2016)
kenguel seed Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
khar-khangeloo Other Survey in Kohghiluyeh va Boyer Ahmad, Iran (Mosaddegh, 2012)
kharoozeh Other Survey in Kohghiluyeh va Boyer Ahmad, Iran (Mosaddegh, 2012)
kharshat barri Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
khorfeish Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
khurfaysh ul-jimal Other Med. Plants in Jordan (Oran, 1998)
khār-e-maryam Other Traditional Persian Med. Pl. Database (Rahimi et al., 2018)
kocakavkas Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
kuub Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
lady's thistle Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Herbal Medicines, 3rd edn. (Barnes et al., 2007)
lady’s milk Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
lady’s thistle Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
lahlah Other Med. Plants in Jordan (Oran, 1998)
lait de notre dame Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
lait de notre-dame Other Timber Press Plant Names (Erhardt et al., 2009)
World Economic Plants (Wiersema et al., 2013)
marian thistle Other Herbal Medicines, 3rd edn. (Barnes et al., 2007)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
mariatistel Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
mariazami Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
mariendistel Other Encyclopedia of Herb. Medicine (Bartram, 1995)
GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Kräuter Gewürze und Heilpflanzen (Bremness, 1994)
Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
Timber Press Plant Names (Erhardt et al., 2009)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
mariendistelfrüchte Other E-Kommission: Unapproved Status (1984-1994)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
mariendistelkraut Other E-Kommission: Approved Status (1984-1994)
marienkörner Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
maritighal Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
mary's thistle Other Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
mediterranean milk thistle Other Herbal Medicines, 3rd edn. (Barnes et al., 2007)
meryemana dikeni Other Med. Pl. Trade Turkey (Özhatay et al., 1997)
mild marian thistle Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
milk thistle Other Demand & Supply of Med. Pl. in India (Ved et al., 2008)
GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Herbal Medicines, 3rd edn. (Barnes et al., 2007)
Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Med. Pl. Uzbekistan & Kyrgyzstan (Eisenman et al., 2013)
U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016)
U.S. Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia (HPUS, 2009)
U.S. Pharmacopoeia USP 32 (2008)
U.S. Pharmacopoeia USP 37 (2013)
U.S. Pharmacopoeia USP 39 (2016)
WHODrug Herbal Substances (WHO-UMC, 2019)
milk-thistle Other Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
milk-thistle fruit Other British Pharmacopoeia 2009, Vol. 4 (2008)
British Pharmacopoeia 2012, Vol. 4 (2011)
British Pharmacopoeia 2015, Vol. 4 (2014)
European Pharmacopoeia, 6th edn. (2007)
European Pharmacopoeia, 7th edn. (2012)
milkthistle Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
máriatövis-termés Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
nerokavlos Other Wild Edible Pls. of Paphos and Larnaca of Cyprus (Della et al., 2006)
ostro-pestro Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
patsalokavlos Other Wild Edible Pls. of Paphos and Larnaca of Cyprus (Della et al., 2006)
pternix Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
ra Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
rastoropsha pyatnistaya Other Med. Pl. Uzbekistan & Kyrgyzstan (Eisenman et al., 2013)
shawkeddiman Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
shui fei ji Other TCM Plants for Syst. Bio. Evaluation (Eisenberg et al., 2011)
shuifeiji Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2015)
silberdistil Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
silybe Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
silybi fructus Pharmaceutical Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2015)
silybi mariani fructus Pharmaceutical European Pharmacopoeia, 6th edn. (2007)
European Pharmacopoeia, 7th edn. (2012)
silybon Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
silybum Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
silymarin Other WHODrug Herbal Substances (WHO-UMC, 2019)
st mary's thistle. Other Herbal Medicines, 3rd edn. (Barnes et al., 2007)
st mary’sthistle Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
st. mary's thistle Other Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
U.S. Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia (HPUS, 2009)
thistle Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
thistle of the blessed virgin Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
thistle, milk Other Encyclopedia of Herb. Medicine (Bartram, 1995)
Timber Press Plant Names (Erhardt et al., 2009)
World Economic Plants (Wiersema et al., 2013)
true thistle Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
variegated marian thistle Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
épine blanche Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 2 (2004)
γαουρόκαυλος Other Modern Pl. Use in Monasteries on Cyprus, 2006-2012 (Lardos, 2016)
κατσάμπουνος Other Modern Pl. Use in Monasteries on Cyprus, 2006-2012 (Lardos, 2016)
περτικοκαυλίν Other Modern Pl. Use in Monasteries on Cyprus, 2006-2012 (Lardos, 2016)
خار مریم Other Traditional Persian Med. Pl. Database (Rahimi et al., 2018)
خرفيش الجمال Other Med. Plants in Jordan (Oran, 1998)
عكرب Other Traditional Persian Med. Pl. Database (Rahimi et al., 2018)
عكوب Other Med. Plants in Jordan (Oran, 1998)
لحلاح Other Med. Plants in Jordan (Oran, 1998)
水飞蓟 Other TCM Plants for Syst. Bio. Evaluation (Eisenberg et al., 2011)