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Plant Details

Accepted name: 
Sesamum indicum L. [Pedaliaceae]
Source of taxonomy and confidence: 
World Checklist: unpublished records ( Two stars out of three )
Information about this plant: 
Non-scientific name: Class of name: Medicinal source:
accheellu Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
achchellu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
achhellu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ajonjolí Other Archivos de Flora Iberica (Morales et al., 1996)
GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
World Economic Plants (Wiersema et al., 2013)
ajonjolí, aceite Other Farmacopea Herbolaria Mexico (2001)
ajonjolí, aceite refinado Other Farmacopea Herbolaria Mexicanos (2013)
asitatila Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
bahumaniri Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
ballanuvvulu Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
baniseed Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
barik-tel Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
bariktel Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
beme Other Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
bene Other Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
benein Other Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
beni Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
beniseed Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
benne Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
benneseed Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
benniseed Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
benue oil seed Other Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
bhadutil Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
bhūtaghn Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
black sesame Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
black sesame seeds Other Illus. Chinese Materia Medica (Wu, 2005)
car-elu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
carali Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
caralicceti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
carbonized fineleaf schizonepeta spike Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
chamkkae Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
chikhanu Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
chiteluu Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
chitrallu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
chitrallum Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
cinekapalacceti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
dhavotil Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
dhonul-hal Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
dhonus-simsim Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
djyldylan Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
dora yellu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
duhn Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
eellu-cceti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
el Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ell Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ellu Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
fineleaf schizonepeta spike Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
gergelim Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Med. & Pois. Pl. N.E.Braz. (Agra et al., 2007)
Med. Pl. Braz. Pharm. (Brandão et al., 2006)
Med. Pl. N.E.Brazil (Fátima Agra et al., 2008)
Plants for Malaria, Plants for Fever (Milliken, 2019)
gimgelim Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
gingelly Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
gingelly sesame Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
gingelly-oil seeds Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
gingli Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
goma Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
grangasa Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
gubbulu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
guvvulu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
hamo Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
hei zhi ma Other Illus. Chinese Materia Medica (Wu, 2005)
Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
heizhima Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2015)
Trad. Med. in Dali Prefecture, SW China. (Zhang et al., 2014)
holi basil Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
homadhanya Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
hu ma Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
hu ma ren Other Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
ikanyum Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
ikucakikam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ikucakiyacceti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
jatila Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
jingjiesui Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
jingjiesuitan Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
kakutam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kalatil Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
kali til Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
karel Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
karellu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
kari ellu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
karucakam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
karuellu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
karuppellu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
katalelakacceti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
katalelakam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kattil Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
kattu ellu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kharotil Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
khasa Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
khaslatil Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
kirucaram Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kirusnapali Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kiruttinatilam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
konjed Other Traditional Persian Med. Pl. Database (Rahimi et al., 2018)
krishanatil, Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
krishnatel Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
kulakacceti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kulakam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kumikai Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kuncî Other Ethnobot. & Trade of Pl. in Qaysari Market, Iraq (Mati & Boer, 2011)
kunjad Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
kunjad (seeds) Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kunjad muqashshar Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kunjad safaid Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kunjad siyah Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
kunjad siyah (til) Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kuparam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kupikai Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kuru Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kurukacceti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kurukam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kutam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
manchi tulasi Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
mayou Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
mfuta Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
min Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
mitha-tel Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
mithatel Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
mithatel,til Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
mithytel Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
molekelele Other Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
nalla tulasi Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
nallennai Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
nallennay Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
navvullu Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
nimso Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
nu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
null unnay Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
nung Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
nuv Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
nuvvu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
nuvvulu Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
nyim Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
oleum sesami Pharmaceutical Japanese Pharmacopoeia 15th edn. (2006)
Japanese Pharmacopoeia, 16th edn. (2012)
Korean Pharmacopoeia, 9th edn. (2007)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
olle ellu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
olle yellu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
olleyellu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
oriental sesame Other Survey of Trad. Drugs Sold in Jordan (Lev, 2002)
Trad. Drugs in Israel at End C20th (Lev & Amar, 2000)
pacikari Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
panipputu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
papaghana Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
papaghna Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
papakkinam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pasanamaiyini Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pasanamayini Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pavitra Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pitratarpana Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
poeuloel Other Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
pollanuvvulu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
puraphala Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
putadhanya Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
putataniyam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ran-til Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
rasi Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
refined sesame oil Other British Pharmacopoeia 2009, Vol. 4 (2008)
British Pharmacopoeia 2012, Vol. 4 (2011)
British Pharmacopoeia 2015, Vol. 4 (2014)
ridi Other Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
roghan kunjad Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
roghane-kunjad Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
roghane-kunjad (seeds) Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
roghane-shirin Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
roghen kunjed Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
sacred basil Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
salalmac Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
saltit gilgilan Other Handbook of Arabian Medicinal Plants (Ghazanfar, 1994)
schit-elu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
schizonepetae spica Pharmaceutical Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
semen sesami nigrum Pharmaceutical Illus. Chinese Materia Medica (Wu, 2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
semsem Other Traditional Persian Med. Pl. Database (Rahimi et al., 2018)
sesam Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Kräuter Gewürze und Heilpflanzen (Bremness, 1994)
Timber Press Plant Names (Erhardt et al., 2009)
sesame Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Commercially Important African Med. Plants (Van Wyk, 2015)
Encyclopedia of Herb. Medicine (Bartram, 1995)
GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Japanese Pharmacopoeia, 16th edn. (2012)
Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
Native American Ethnobotany (Moerman, 1998)
Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016)
World Economic Plants (Wiersema et al., 2013)
sesame oil Other British Pharmacopoeia 2015, Vol. 4 (2014)
Japanese Pharmacopoeia 15th edn. (2006)
Japanese Pharmacopoeia, 16th edn. (2012)
Korean Pharmacopoeia, 9th edn. (2007)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
U.S. Pharmacopoeia USP 32 (2008)
U.S. Pharmacopoeia USP 37 (2013)
U.S. Pharmacopoeia USP 39 (2016)
sesame oil, refined Other European Pharmacopoeia, 6th edn. (2007)
European Pharmacopoeia, 7th edn. (2012)
sesame seeds Other Ayurvedic Med. Pl. of Sri Lanka (Samarasuriya et al., 2020)
sesami nigrum semen Pharmaceutical Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
sesami oleum Pharmaceutical Farmacopeia Brasileira, 5th edn. (2010)
sesami oleum raffinatum Pharmaceutical European Pharmacopoeia, 6th edn. (2007)
European Pharmacopoeia, 7th edn. (2012)
sesami semen Pharmaceutical Japanese Pharmacopoeia, 16th edn. (2012)
Korean Herbal Pharmacopoeia (2002)
sesami semen nigrum Pharmaceutical Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2015)
sesamier Other Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
sesamo Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
World Economic Plants (Wiersema et al., 2013)
sesamum Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
shiraj Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
shiraj (oil) Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
sim-sim Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
simmasim Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
simsim Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Med. Plants in Jordan (Oran, 1998)
SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
simsim-ui-aswad Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
sisino Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
sisámi Other Med. Pl. Use: Monasteries on Cyprus (Lardos & Heinrich, 2013)
snehapahla Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
snehaphala Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
spica schizonepetae Pharmaceutical Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
spica schizonepetae carbonisata Pharmaceutical Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
spri-nag Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
sri tulasi Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
surasa Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
sésame Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Les Plantes Arom. et Med. (Bremness, 1996)
Les Plantes Méd. de la Pharmacopée: Liste A (2000)
World Economic Plants (Wiersema et al., 2013)
sésamo Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
tahini Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tailapalam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tailaphala Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tal Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tal tel til Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
tall Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
talna Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tattiyam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tayittiram Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
teel Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
thala Other Ayurvedic Med. Pl. of Sri Lanka (Samarasuriya et al., 2020)
thil Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
thila Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
thiruthazhai Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
thulasi Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
ti-la Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ti-la-dkar Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
tiil Other Ethnomed. of Garo Hills, Durgapur, Bangladesh (Khan et al., 2015)
til Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Demand & Supply of Med. Pl. in India (Ved et al., 2008)
GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Med. Pl. in Arid Regions of N. Punjab, Pakistan (Ashfaq et al., 2019)
Pl. Meds for Musculoskeletal Disorders, N. Pakistan (Malik et al., 2018)
Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
til afaid muqashshar Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
til bras Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
til ke phool Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
til safaid Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
til safaid muqashshar Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
til safaid muqqashar Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
til-ka-tel Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tila Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Demand & Supply of Med. Pl. in India (Ved et al., 2008)
Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
tila (seed) Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
tilagachh Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
tilah Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tilaha Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tilam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tilataila Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tilati Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tili Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
tilia Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tilkatel Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
till Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tiloa ka tael Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tilon ka tael Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tilon ka tel Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tilon ke beej Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tiloun ka tail Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
timata Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
timataki Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
timatakicceti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tir Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Pl. Meds for Musculoskeletal Disorders, N. Pakistan (Malik et al., 2018)
tsinuni Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
tulasi Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
tulsi Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
ufuha Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
ufunha Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
ufuta Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
uruellu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
uvuta Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
vacikari Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vacikaricceti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vanodbhava Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
wangila Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
wollelu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
yallu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
yanmoti Other Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
yellu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
yellu cheddi Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
yellu-cheddie Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
yelluchedi Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
zar-ma Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
zhi ma Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
zilechathil Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
zilechatil Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
óleo de gergelim Other Farmacopeia Brasileira, 5th edn. (2010)
σησάμι Other Modern Pl. Use in Monasteries on Cyprus, 2006-2012 (Lardos, 2016)
سمسم Other Med. Plants in Jordan (Oran, 1998)
Traditional Persian Med. Pl. Database (Rahimi et al., 2018)
کنجد Other Traditional Persian Med. Pl. Database (Rahimi et al., 2018)
ゴマ Other Japanese Pharmacopoeia, 16th edn. (2012)
ゴマ油 Other Japanese Pharmacopoeia, 16th edn. (2012)
胡麻 Other Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
胡麻仁 Other Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
黑芝麻 Other Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
Trad. Med. in Dali Prefecture, SW China. (Zhang et al., 2014)