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Plant Details

Accepted name: 
Piper nigrum L. [Piperaceae]
Source of taxonomy and confidence: 
World Checklist: unpublished records ( Two stars out of three )
Information about this plant: 
Non-scientific name: Class of name: Medicinal source:
aguttam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
akuttam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
alarkay Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
alarkaycceti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
alarmancal Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
alivaliyanmani Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
anam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
apanam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
aricuvai Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
arisu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
arunapakam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
arutam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
aruttan Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
arutti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
atittam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
aucatikam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
autatalakamilaku Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ayilakikam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
baihujiao Other Trad. Med. in Dali Prefecture, SW China. (Zhang et al., 2014)
black pepper Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
British Pharmacopoeia 2015, Vol. 4 (2014)
GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
ISO 4720:2009 Essential oils: Nomenclature (2009)
ISO Catalogue (2009)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Medicinal Plant Marketing in Bangladesh (Dixie et al., 2003)
Medicinal Plants in China (WHO, 1997)
Medicinal plants in Viet Nam (WHO, 1990)
Native American Ethnobotany (Moerman, 1998)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Survey of Trad. Drugs Sold in Jordan (Lev, 2002)
Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
Tea and Herbal Infusions Europe Pl. Inventory (THIE, 2021)
Trad. Drugs in Israel at End C20th (Lev & Amar, 2000)
U.S. Pharmacopoeia USP 37 (2013)
U.S. Pharmacopoeia USP 39 (2016)
black pepper oil Other Food Chemicals Codex (USP, 2008)
black pepper or white pepper Other European Pharmacopoeia, 7th edn. (2012)
bîberî reş Other Ethnobot. & Trade of Pl. in Qaysari Market, Iraq (Mati & Boer, 2011)
cakankam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
canukam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
carapantam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
carumapantam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
catalamilaku Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
cattu-molagoi Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
cavi Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
cavviyam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
cavviyapalam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
cavyam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
celavikacceti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
celaviyam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
cevviyam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ceytakar Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
chocamirch Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
cirovikam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ciroviruttam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
citamaricam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
citamarucam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
citamarucu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
citamarukam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
common pepper Other Medicinal plants in Viet Nam (WHO, 1990)
cuppiramaniyam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
dehydrated green pepper Other ISO Catalogue (2009)
dhanwantari Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
dharmapattana Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
dharmavarttana Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
eddemunchi Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
eddemunci Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
felfel Other Traditional Persian Med. Pl. Database (Rahimi et al., 2018)
fiffile-asvad Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
fifile-asvad Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
fifile-gird Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
fil fil siyah Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
fil fil-i-siyah Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
fil-fil-i-siyah Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
filffil-siyah Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
filfil Other Handbook of Arabian Medicinal Plants (Ghazanfar, 1994)
filfil abîaḍ Other Med. Pl. Yemen (Fleurentin et al., 1982)
filfil aswad Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
filfil siah Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
filfil siyah Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
filfil(safaid/siyah) Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
filfil-9-siyah Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
filfil-e-siyah Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
filfil-i-siyah Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
filfil-siyah Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
filfile-gird Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
filfile-siyah Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
filfilgird Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
filfilsiya Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
filfiluswud Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
filful aswad Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
flfl-i-siyah Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
fructus piperis Pharmaceutical Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
fructus piperis nigri Pharmaceutical Illus. Chinese Materia Medica (Wu, 2005)
Malaysian Herbal Monograph, Vol. 1. (1999)
fulfil siyah Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
galmirich Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
gammiris Other Ayurvedic Med. Pl. of Sri Lanka (Samarasuriya et al., 2020)
gol mirch Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
gol-mirch Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
golmirch Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
golmorich Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
green pepper Other ISO Catalogue (2009)
Tea and Herbal Infusions Europe Pl. Inventory (THIE, 2021)
grün pfeffer Other Tea and Herbal Infusions Europe Pl. Inventory (THIE, 2021)
gulmirch Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
gulmorich Other Medicinal Plant Marketing in Bangladesh (Dixie et al., 2003)
habush Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
hapusha Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
hu jiao Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Illus. Chinese Materia Medica (Wu, 2005)
TCM Plants for Syst. Bio. Evaluation (Eisenberg et al., 2011)
Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
hujiao Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2015)
hēihújiāo Other Medicinal Plants in China (WHO, 1997)
impikam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
impilam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
irambivam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
irampikam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
irampilam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
irampivam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
itukam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
itukamilaku Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ivainakitam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kaalimirch Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kaalu menasu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kaattumilagu keerai Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kaatunallamilagu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kalamirch Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
kalamiri Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
kalamorich Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
kalaorich Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
kalappakacceti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kalappakam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kali mirch Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Med. Pl. in Talagang, Punjab Province (Nazish Rehman et al., 2017)
kali mirchain Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kali-mirch Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kalimirc Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kalimirch Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Demand & Supply of Med. Pl. in India (Ved et al., 2008)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Medicinal Plant Marketing in Bangladesh (Dixie et al., 2003)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
kalimircha Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kalimirich Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
kalimori Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
kalinai Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kalinaikkollu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kalinaimilaku Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kallinai Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kami Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kamicakam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kanattai Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kandanaguli Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kankola Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kantankuli Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kaphavirodhi Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
karee menasu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kari Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
karikkay Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
karimenasu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
karimonaru Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
karumulaku Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
karunelli Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
karutturupayan Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
karyam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kattirican Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
katu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
katuka Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kayam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kaṟi Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
kevakatiraviyam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kevalatiraviyam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kirantikantikam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kola Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kolagam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kolaka Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kolakam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kolam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kolicam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kolikacceti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
koshō Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
krishnam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
krishnamushana Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
krsna Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kuru-milagu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kuru-mulaka Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kurumilagu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kurumilaku Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kurumulagu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kurumulaka Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kurumulaku Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kāyam Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
kṛṣṇa Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
lada hitam Other Malaysian Herbal Monograph, Vol. 1. (1999)
lada putih Other Malaysian Herbal Monograph, Vol. 1. (1999)
maarichamu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
maciyam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
madagascar pepper Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
maikkurotikam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
maiyi Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
makaracitakaram Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
malaittirukkal Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
malaivacapancam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
malaiyalam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
malaiyali Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
malaiyaracan Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
malaiyavikam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
malaiyinmunivan Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
malaiyāḷi Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
malina Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
maliyavikacceti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
marica Other Demand & Supply of Med. Pl. in India (Ved et al., 2008)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
marica (fruit) Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
marica-valli Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
maricam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
maricamu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
marich Other Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
maricha Other Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Medicinal Plant Marketing in Bangladesh (Dixie et al., 2003)
maricham Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
marichamu Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
marichi Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
marisam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
mariyal Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
maruci Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
matankan Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
meervaela Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
mellaghoo Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
menaru Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
menasina balli Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
menasinaballi Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
menasinakaalu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
menasinakalu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
menasu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
mensukaai Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
milagu Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
milagu-valli Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
milaku Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
milakucceti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
milakuvalli Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
mir-vel Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
mirc Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
mirch Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
mirch siah Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
mirch siyah Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
mire Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
mireem Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
miremu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
miri Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
miricam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
miricanam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
mirici Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
mirim Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
miriyaalathige Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
miriyaalu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
miriyala-tige Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
miriyalakam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
miriyalatige Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
miriyalu Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
miriyamu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
miriyarkoti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
miryaalathige Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
miryala-tige Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
miryalatige Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
miḷaku (fruit) Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
molagacodi Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
molago-codi Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
moloovookodi Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
morich Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
mrishta Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
mulaku Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
mulakukoti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
munchi Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
munci Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
mupparitam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
mupparitamilaku Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
murialtiga Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
musanam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
mutanam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
mārīcam Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
na le sa ma Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
na le sam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
nakarenu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
nallamilaku Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
nalmilaku Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
nattumilaku Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
nettakam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
nettam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
nitiyam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
oil of black pepper Other ISO Catalogue (2009)
oleoresin black pepper Other Food Chemicals Codex (USP, 2008)
olle menasu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ollemenasinaballi Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ollemenasu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ollimonasu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ooshnam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
paluk Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
paluka Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pamu miriyaalu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
parici Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pattuvanestam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pavita Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pavitam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pepe Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
peppar Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
pepper Other Ayurvedic Med. Pl. of Sri Lanka (Samarasuriya et al., 2020)
British Pharmacopoeia 2015, Vol. 4 (2014)
European Pharmacopoeia, 7th edn. (2012)
GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
ISO Catalogue (2009)
Illus. Chinese Materia Medica (Wu, 2005)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Malaysian Herbal Monograph, Vol. 1. (1999)
Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016)
pepper fruit Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
pepper, black Other Timber Press Plant Names (Erhardt et al., 2009)
World Economic Plants (Wiersema et al., 2013)
pepper, whole or ground - black pepper Other ISO Catalogue (2009)
pepper, whole or ground - white pepper Other ISO Catalogue (2009)
pfeffer Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
pfeffer, schwarz Other Kräuter Gewürze und Heilpflanzen (Bremness, 1994)
Timber Press Plant Names (Erhardt et al., 2009)
World Economic Plants (Wiersema et al., 2013)
pho (ba) ris Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pilpil Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pimenta Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
pimenta do reino Other Med. Pl. N.E.Brazil (Fátima Agra et al., 2008)
pimenta-da-índia Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
pimenta-do-reino Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
pimienta Other Archivos de Flora Iberica (Morales et al., 1996)
GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
pimiento común Other Plants for Malaria, Plants for Fever (Milliken, 2019)
pipal gol Other Demand & Supply of Med. Pl. in India (Ved et al., 2008)
piper albi fructus Pharmaceutical Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
piper nigri fructus Pharmaceutical Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
piper nigrum Other U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016)
U.S. Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia (HPUS, 2009)
piperis fructus Pharmaceutical European Pharmacopoeia, 7th edn. (2012)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2015)
Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
piramamaricam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
piramaparicam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pittam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
poivre Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
poivre blanc Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
poivre noir Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
ISO 4720:2009 Essential oils: Nomenclature (2009)
poivrier noir Other Les Plantes Arom. et Med. (Bremness, 1996)
World Economic Plants (Wiersema et al., 2013)
pokhlem-mirim Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pulipacitam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
repam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ridi Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ridik Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ruksha Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
safedmirch Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
sarvahita Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
savyamu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
schwarz pfeffer Other Tea and Herbal Infusions Europe Pl. Inventory (THIE, 2021)
shakanga Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
shevium Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
shirovritta Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
shivika Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
shudha Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
shyama Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
siyah mirch Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
suvrtta Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tarapattanam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tarumapittam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tattuvacam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tavalam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tavalamilaku Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ticcanam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tikshna Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tiksna Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tiraipokki Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tirankal Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tirankalam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tirankam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tirankanal Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tirkuta Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tuvinam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ucakam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ucanam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
usakam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
usana Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
usanaka Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ushanam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
utanam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
uṣaṇa Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
vacankiyam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vacikam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vacitam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vallacam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vallicam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vallija Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vallijam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vallikacceti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
valliyam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vallīcam Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
vara Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
varishtha Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vatamarukkinron Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vatanacani Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vellaiccatikam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vellaiccatikamilaku Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vellaja Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vellajam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vellakaia Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
vellija Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
venkakkiyam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
venkakkiyamilaku Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
venmilaku Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
venticam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
venticamilaku Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
venuja Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
venuka Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
villajam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
viruttapam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
volloymenasu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vrittaphala Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
weiß pfeffer Other Tea and Herbal Infusions Europe Pl. Inventory (THIE, 2021)
white pepper Other British Pharmacopoeia 2015, Vol. 4 (2014)
GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Medicinal plants in Viet Nam (WHO, 1990)
Survey of Trad. Drugs Sold in Jordan (Lev, 2002)
Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
Tea and Herbal Infusions Europe Pl. Inventory (THIE, 2021)
Trad. Drugs in Israel at End C20th (Lev & Amar, 2000)
wollemenasu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
yavanapriya Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
yavaneshtha Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
yeddemunci Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
zira siyah Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
فلفل Other Traditional Persian Med. Pl. Database (Rahimi et al., 2018)
ගම්මිරිස් Other Ayurvedic Med. Pl. of Sri Lanka (Samarasuriya et al., 2020)
白胡椒 Other Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
Trad. Med. in Dali Prefecture, SW China. (Zhang et al., 2014)
胡椒 Other TCM Plants for Syst. Bio. Evaluation (Eisenberg et al., 2011)
Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
黑胡椒 Other Medicinal Plants in China (WHO, 1997)
Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)