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Plant Details

Accepted name: 
Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. [Nelumbonaceae]
Source of taxonomy and confidence: 
World Checklist: unpublished records ( Two stars out of three )
Information about this plant: 
Non-scientific name: Class of name: Medicinal source:
abja Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
acaiyapattipam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
acaiyappattiram Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
aciyapattiarm Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
agyptische bohne Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
akiyapattiram Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ambal Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ambhoja Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ambhoruha Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
ambhoruna Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
amboruha Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ambuj Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
ambuja Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ambujanma Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ambupadma Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
amburoha Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
amlana Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ampala Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ampocam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ampocayoni Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ampu Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
ampucani Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ampucanmam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ampucatam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ampucini Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ampunecam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ampuracam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ampurecam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ampuru Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
amputam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ampuyakkoti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ampuyam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ampuyatam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
aranala Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
arantam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
arappatumam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
aravinda Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
aravindam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
aravindan Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
aravintam Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
arpakantam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
arpatumam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
arukanvakanam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
arunakamalam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
arunkalaccevvital Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
arvinda Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
aunikam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ayamalar Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
aymalar Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
baino Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
baladi bean Other Medicinal plants in Viet Nam (WHO, 1990)
bean of india Other U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016)
bem-tamara Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
bemtamara Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
beykhneelufer Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
beykhneelufir Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
bhein Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
bhen Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
bisakusuma Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
bisaprasuna Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
bua luang Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
caccatam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
calacanam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
calacanmam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
calacappu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
calacarakkuli Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
calakankakkoti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
calakarankam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
calarukakkoti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
calarukam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
calcam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
calilikam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
camala Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
cantiram Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
caracakkoti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
caracijam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
caracirukam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
carocini Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
carokkam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
carokulam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
catalam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
catapatumam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
catippakitakkoti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
catippakitam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
cattalam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
catti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
cattika Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
cattikakkoti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
caturaccakan Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
cekkamalar Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
cenkalam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
centamara Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
centamarai Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ceyyatamarai Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
chakwa phoma Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
chenthamara Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
chinese arrowroot Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
chinese water lily Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
chinese water-lily Other Medicinal plants in Viet Nam (WHO, 1990)
citampocam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
citampucam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
cittetan Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
civacattipakirtan Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
comakkiyam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
copanam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
cuceyam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
curiyanatpu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
cuseshaya Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
cūriyanaḍpu Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
damara Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
drishopadma Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
east indian lotus Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016)
egyptian bean Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Medicinal plants in Viet Nam (WHO, 1990)
elimanai Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ellimanai Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
erra-tamara Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
erra-tamara-veru Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
erratamara Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
errathaamara Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
flor-de-lotus Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
folium nelumbinis Pharmaceutical Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
fève d'egypte Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
gliglio de nilo Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
harivetra Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
hasu-n-ne Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
hasu-no-ne Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
he ye Other Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
heye Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2015)
Trad. Med. in Dali Prefecture, SW China. (Zhang et al., 2014)
hindu lotus Other Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016)
indian lotus Other Ayurvedic Med. Pl. of Sri Lanka (Samarasuriya et al., 2020)
Ayurvedic Med. Plants of Sri Lanka (2016)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Medicinal plants in Viet Nam (WHO, 1990)
SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016)
indiralaya Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
indische lotosblume Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
indischer lotus Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
indisk lotus Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
induvara Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
iracacupakkoti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
iracacuyam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
iracalam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
iraciyam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
iramapiriyam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
irampu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
iratacanniyakam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
iratikantal Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
iratikantan Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
irattacarorukam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
irattakamalam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
irattakkumutam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
irattakokanam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
irattakumutam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
irattalamutam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
irattamantalam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
iravikantam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
irciyam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
jalacam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
jalajanma Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
jamaica water lily Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
kacam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kalhara Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
kalhāra Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
kalung Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kalung-erra-tamara Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kaluva Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
kamaf Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
kamal Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
kamal kakdi Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
kamal kand Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
kamal mhendo Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
kamal phul Other Demand & Supply of Med. Pl. in India (Ved et al., 2008)
kamal-kakri Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kamala Other Demand & Supply of Med. Pl. in India (Ved et al., 2008)
Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016)
kamala (flower) Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
kamala (rhizome) Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
kamalam Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
kamalamu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kamalini Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kamalodbhavamrajah Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kancamalar Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kancankoti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kantokakkoti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kantokam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kanval Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kanwal Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
kanwal gatta Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kanwal kakdi Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
karambeulma Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
karkam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
katirppari Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kaul Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
kauravakkoti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kauravam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kawar Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kokayam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kokonad Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
komala Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
kumala Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
kunja Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kusesaya Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kusheshaya Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kutapa Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
lalkamal Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
lian Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
lian fang Other Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
lian syu Other Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
lian xu Other Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
lian zi Other Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
Illus. Chinese Materia Medica (Wu, 2005)
Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
TCM Plants for Syst. Bio. Evaluation (Eisenberg et al, 2011)
Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
lian zi xin Other Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
lian zih Other Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
lian zih sin Other Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
lianfang Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2015)
lianxu Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2015)
lianzi Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2015)
Trad. Med. in Dali Prefecture, SW China. (Zhang et al., 2014)
lianzixin Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2015)
Trad. Med. in Dali Prefecture, SW China. (Zhang et al., 2014)
lin-ngau Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
loda Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
lotier Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
loto sagrado Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Plants of Econ. Importance (FAO, 1983)
World Economic Plants (Wiersema et al., 2013)
lotus Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
Timber Press Plant Names (Erhardt et al., 2009)
U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016)
lotus des indes Other Plants of Econ. Importance (FAO, 1983)
Timber Press Plant Names (Erhardt et al., 2009)
World Economic Plants (Wiersema et al., 2013)
lotus indien Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
lotus leaf Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
lotus plumule Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
lotus receptacle Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
lotus rhizome node Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
lotus root Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
lotus sacré Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Plants of Econ. Importance (FAO, 1983)
Timber Press Plant Names (Erhardt et al., 2009)
World Economic Plants (Wiersema et al., 2013)
lotus seed Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
lotus seeds Other Illus. Chinese Materia Medica (Wu, 2005)
lotus stamen Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
lotus-do-egito Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
lotusblume Other Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
Timber Press Plant Names (Erhardt et al., 2009)
World Economic Plants (Wiersema et al., 2013)
lotusroot Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
lótus Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
lótus-sagrado Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
lótus-índico Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
mabotpala Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
mahapadma Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
mahotpala Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
makorpalakkoti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
makorpalam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
malunti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
maraikkoti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
matanalam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
mirinalam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
mirunalakkoti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
mirunali Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
mirunarakkoti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
mirunaram Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
mirunarram Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
mirutalakkoti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
mirutalam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
muntakakkoti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
muṇḍakam Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
naidile Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
nala Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
nalaki Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
nalakikkoti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
nalalmatu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
nalam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
nalika Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
nalikam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
nalina Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
nalini Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
nalitam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
nallatamarai Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
nattuttamarai Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
naḷiṉam Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
nelum Other Ayurvedic Med. Pl. of Sri Lanka (Samarasuriya et al., 2020)
Ayurvedic Med. Plants of Sri Lanka (2016)
nelumbinis folium Pharmaceutical Korean Herbal Pharmacopoeia (2002)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2015)
Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
nelumbinis plumula Pharmaceutical Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2015)
Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
nelumbinis receptaculum Pharmaceutical Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2015)
nelumbinis rhizomatis nodus Pharmaceutical Korean Herbal Pharmacopoeia (2002)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2015)
Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
nelumbinis semen Pharmaceutical Korean Pharmacopoeia, 9th edn. (2007)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2015)
Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
nelumbinis stamen Pharmaceutical Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2015)
Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
nelumbis semen Pharmaceutical Japanese Pharmacopoeia 15th edn. (2006)
Japanese Pharmacopoeia, 16th edn. (2012)
nelumbo Other Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
nelumbo seed Other Japanese Pharmacopoeia 15th edn. (2006)
Japanese Pharmacopoeia, 16th edn. (2012)
Korean Pharmacopoeia, 9th edn. (2007)
nicakaci Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
nicakacikkoti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
nilli lili Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
nilofer Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
nilufer Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
nilufu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ninfea d'egetto Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
nirmelcevvanti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
nirmelpaccilai Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
nirnatittamarai Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
nirniti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
nirorukakkoti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
nirorukam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
nodus nelumbinis rhizomatis Pharmaceutical Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
oriental lotus Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016)
osbied Other Traditional Persian Med. Pl. Database (Rahimi et al., 2018)
ou jie Other Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
oujie Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2015)
Trad. Med. in Dali Prefecture, SW China. (Zhang et al., 2014)
pa dma dkar po Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pa dma dmar po Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
padam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
padma Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
The Plant-Book (Mabberley, 1996)
U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016)
padma phool Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
padmachari Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
padmadrajah Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
padmam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
padmamu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
padnakanda Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
paduman Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
pal swan Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
palututainayakam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pamposh Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
panceruba Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
panikam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
panikkanci Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
panikkancikkoti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pankacam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pankacatam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pankacatamakkoti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pankacatamam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pankaja Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
pankajam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pankarukam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pankatam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pankecam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pankeram Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pankeruha Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
panmam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pannaci Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
parparakam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pathoja Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
patma Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
patmam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
patocam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
patotam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
patumakam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
patumanalakkoti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pemariy Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
pink lotus lily Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
pink water lily Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
plumula nelumbinis Pharmaceutical Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
podum Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
ponmanai Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
potu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
poykainari Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
poykainarinir Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pundarika Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pundra Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pundreekamu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pushcara Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pushkar Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pushkara Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
puskara Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
putaka Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
putpan Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
rajiv Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
rajiva Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
rattorpalam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
receptaculum nelumbinis Pharmaceutical Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
rosa del nilo Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
sa-bras Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
sabafrapatra Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
sacred lotus Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
Medicinal plants in Viet Nam (WHO, 1990)
SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016)
sahasrapatra Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
sahsrapatra Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
salaphool Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
saluka Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
sarasa Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
sarasiruba Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
sarasiruha Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
sarojam Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
sarojanma Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
saroruha Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
sarsija Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
sarsiruha Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
satapatra Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
semen nelumbinis Pharmaceutical Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
semen nelumbinis nuciferae Pharmaceutical Illus. Chinese Materia Medica (Wu, 2005)
senthamara Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
sharada Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
sharapadma Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
shatapatra Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
shilianzi Other Trad. Med. in Dali Prefecture, SW China. (Zhang et al., 2014)
shivappu-tamarai Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
shri Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
shriparna Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
shrivasa Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
shuklapadma Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
sitambuja Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
sitopala Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
sitotpala Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
sivapputamarai Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
soungadhikamu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
stamen nelumbinis Pharmaceutical Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
sujala Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
sumjiriphung Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
svetakamala Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
sāluka Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
tamara Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
tamara gadda Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
tamara kizangu Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
tamaracam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tamarai Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tamarai(red) Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tamarai-k-kilanku Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tamaram Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tamarapuvow Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
tamarasa Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tamaray Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tamaray kalung Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tamardi kizangu Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
tantar Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tantulam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tanturam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tarate Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
tarutam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tavare Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
tavare kanda Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
tavare-gadde Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tavaregedd Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
tavaribija Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tavarigadde Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tevanam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
thaamara Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
thaamara puvvu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
thaamarai Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
thaavare Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
thaavare beeja Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
thaavare gedde Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
thamara Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
thamarai Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
thamaraipoo Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
thavare Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
the sacred lotus Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
thella thaamara Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
thellane padmanu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tirumalarkkoti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tirumalkompar Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tirumalunti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
totakam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
toyacam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tra Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tumarasa Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tunaparicam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tāmarai kiẕaṅku (rhizome) Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
tāmarai malar (flower) Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
tāmarai vaḷaiyam Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
tāmaraippū Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
u-tpa-la Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
urokani Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ussulneelufir Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ussulnilufer Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vacanakkoti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vacanam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vanacakkoti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vanacopanam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vanashobhana Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vanicam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vannivannam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vantuni Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vantunikkoti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
varisoha Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vaucikakkoti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vaucikam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ventamara Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ventamarai Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
venthamara Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
vicappicuranam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vicappiracunam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vicaputpam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
visaprasuna Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
visaputpam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
اوسبيد Other Traditional Persian Med. Pl. Database (Rahimi et al., 2018)
レンニク Other Japanese Pharmacopoeia, 16th edn. (2012)
石莲子 Other Trad. Med. in Dali Prefecture, SW China. (Zhang et al., 2014)
荷叶 Other Trad. Med. in Dali Prefecture, SW China. (Zhang et al., 2014)
荷葉 Other Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
莲子 Other TCM Plants for Syst. Bio. Evaluation (Eisenberg et al, 2011)
Trad. Med. in Dali Prefecture, SW China. (Zhang et al., 2014)
莲子心 Other Trad. Med. in Dali Prefecture, SW China. (Zhang et al., 2014)
蓮子 Other Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
蓮子心 Other Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
蓮鬚 Other Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
藕節 Other Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
藕节 Other Trad. Med. in Dali Prefecture, SW China. (Zhang et al., 2014)