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Plant Details

Accepted name: 
Zingiber officinale Roscoe [Zingiberaceae]
Source of taxonomy and confidence: 
World Checklist ( Three stars out of three )
Information about this plant: 
Non-scientific name: Class of name: Medicinal plant reference:
aadar shuth Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
ada Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
adab Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
adarakha Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
adasuth Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
adi Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
adrak Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Pl. Meds for Musculoskeletal Disorders, N. Pakistan (Malik et al., 2018)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
adu Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
aduwa Other MAPs in Makawanpur District, Central Nepal (Bhattarai et al., 2017)
Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
african ginger Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
afu Other Ghana Herbal Pharmacopoeia (Busia, 2007)
agumetakui Other Ghana Herbal Pharmacopoeia (Busia, 2007)
ajej Other Med. Plants of the Achuar, Ecuador (Giovannini, 2015)
ajenjibre Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
akakadur Other Ghana Herbal Pharmacopoeia (Busia, 2007)
akakaduru Other Ghana Herbal Pharmacopoeia (Busia, 2007)
ale Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
alea Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
alla Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
allam Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
allamu Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
andrakam Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
ardak Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
ardrak Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
ardraka Other Demand & Supply of Med. Pl. in India (Ved et al., 2008)
Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
ardrakam Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
ardrakamu Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
asunglasemtong Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
ata-le Other Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
ata-le jinja Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
atale Other Med. Plants in Lagos, Nigeria. (Olowokudejo, 2008)
ausadha Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
auṣadha Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
baojiang Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
beuing Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
chaulai Other Pl. Meds for Musculoskeletal Disorders, N. Pakistan (Malik et al., 2018)
chhebok Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
chiang Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
chichámbara Other Med. Pl. E. Nicaragua (Coe et al., 1996)
chitta Other Ghana Herbal Pharmacopoeia (Busia, 2007)
chukku Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
citaraho Other Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
cochin ginger Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
common ginger Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
cukku (dried rhizome) Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
cuṇḍi Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
djae Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
dried ginger rhizome Other Illus. Chinese Materia Medica (Wu, 2005)
extractum zingiberis liquidum Pharmaceutical Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
fresh ginger Other Illus. Chinese Materia Medica (Wu, 2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
gan jiang Other Herbal Medicines, 3rd edn. (Barnes et al, 2007)
Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
Illus. Chinese Materia Medica (Wu, 2005)
TCM Plants for Syst. Bio. Evaluation (Eisenberg et al, 2011)
U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016)
ganjiang Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2015)
garden ginger Other U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016)
gember Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
gemberwortel Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
gengibre Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Med. Pl. Braz. Pharm. (Brandão et al., 2006)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
gingembre Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
ISO 4720:2009 Essential oils: Nomenclature (2009)
Les Plantes Méd. de la Pharmacopée: Liste A (2000)
Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
Plants of Econ. Importance (FAO, 1983)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
World Economic Plants (Wiersema et al., 2013)
gingembre (rhizome de) Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
ginger Other Ayurvedic Med. Plants of Sri Lanka (2016)
Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
British Pharmacopoeia 2009, Vol. 4 (2008)
British Pharmacopoeia 2012, Vol. 4 (2011)
British Pharmacopoeia 2015, Vol. 4 (2014)
EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
European Pharmacopoeia, 6th edn. (2007)
European Pharmacopoeia, 7th edn. (2012)
GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Ghana Herbal Pharmacopoeia (Busia, 2007)
Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
Herbal Medicines, 3rd edn. (Barnes et al, 2007)
Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
ISO 4720:2009 Essential oils: Nomenclature (2009)
ISO Catalogue (2009)
Jamaican Root Tonics (Mitchell, 2011)
Japanese Pharmacopoeia 15th edn. (2006)
Japanese Pharmacopoeia, 16th edn. (2012)
Korean Pharmacopoeia, 9th edn. (2007)
Malaysian Herbal Monograph, Vol. 1. (1999)
Med. Pl. Nicarag. Atlantic Coast (Barrett, 1994)
Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
Medicinal Plants in China (WHO, 1997)
Medicinal plants in Viet Nam (WHO, 1990)
Plants of Econ. Importance (FAO, 1983)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Survey of Trad. Drugs Sold in Jordan (Lev, 2002)
Trad. Drugs in Israel at End C20th (Lev & Amar, 2000)
U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016)
U.S. Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia (HPUS, 2009)
U.S. Pharmacopoeia USP 32 (2008)
U.S. Pharmacopoeia USP 37 (2013)
U.S. Pharmacopoeia USP 39 (2016)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
World Economic Plants (Wiersema et al., 2013)
ginger liquid extract Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
ginger oil Other Food Chemicals Codex (USP, 2008)
ginger root Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
ginger tincture Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
gnji Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
gringer Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
gung Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
gyömbér gyökértörzs Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
gznger Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
halia Other Malaysian Herbal Monograph, Vol. 1. (1999)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
halia bara Other Malaysian Herbal Monograph, Vol. 3. (2013)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
halia hudangsia Other Malaysian Herbal Monograph, Vol. 3. (2013)
halia merah Other Malaysian Herbal Monograph, Vol. 3. (2013)
halia padi Other Malaysian Herbal Monograph, Vol. 3. (2013)
halija Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
haliya bara Other Malaysian Herbal Monograph, Vol. 3. (2013)
hasishunti Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
hasishunti kash Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
hasisunti Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
hli Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
imbierų šakniastiebiai Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
inchi Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
ingberwurgel Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
ingefära Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
ingefær Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
ingefærc Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
inguere Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
inguru Other Ayurvedic Med. Plants of Sri Lanka (2016)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
ingvera saknenis Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
ingverijuurikas Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
ingwer Other Encyclopedia of Herb. Medicine (Bartram, 1995)
GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
Plants of Econ. Importance (FAO, 1983)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
World Economic Plants (Wiersema et al., 2013)
ingwerwurzelstock Other E-Kommission: Approved Status (1984-1994)
EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
injee Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
inji Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
inkivääri Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
iñci (fresh rhizome) Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
jahe Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
jamaica ginger Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
janzabeil Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
jengibre Other Annexo III: Veg. Drugs in Registry of Meds, Argentina (2009)
GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
Med. Plants of the Achuar, Ecuador (Giovannini, 2015)
Plants of Econ. Importance (FAO, 1983)
World Economic Plants (Wiersema et al., 2013)
jengibre, raíz Other Farmacopea Herbolaria Mexicanos (2013)
jengibre, rizoma de Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
jenjibre Other Med. Pl. Nicarag. Atlantic Coast (Barrett, 1994)
jiang Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016)
jiang ding Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
jiang liujingao Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
jiang pi Other Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016)
jinja Other Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
Med. Plants in Lagos, Nigeria. (Olowokudejo, 2008)
jion Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
kakaduru Other Ghana Herbal Pharmacopoeia (Busia, 2007)
kakaotshofa Other Ghana Herbal Pharmacopoeia (Busia, 2007)
kallamu Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
kan chiang Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
kanga Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
katubhadra Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
kaubhadra Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
kaṭubhadra Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
kerati Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
khenseing Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
khiang Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
khing Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
khing klaeng Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
khing phueak Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
khing-daeng Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
khuong Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
kingra Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
kintoki Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
konga Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
korenika pravega ingverja Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
kulekhara Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
kłącze imbiru Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
lahja Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
lakottai Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
lei Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
luya Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
mahausadha Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
mangawizi Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
muhauṣadha Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
naara Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
narumaruppu matil Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
ngesnges Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
niamaku Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
nkrabro Other Ghana Herbal Pharmacopoeia (Busia, 2007)
nkrallia Other Ghana Herbal Pharmacopoeia (Busia, 2007)
nkrawusa Other Ghana Herbal Pharmacopoeia (Busia, 2007)
nāgara Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
oda Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
odzahui Other Ghana Herbal Pharmacopoeia (Busia, 2007)
oleoresin ginger Other Food Chemicals Codex (USP, 2008)
oshoga Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
palana Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
palu Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
pao jiang Other Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016)
paojiang Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2015)
powdered ginger Other Japanese Pharmacopoeia 15th edn. (2006)
Japanese Pharmacopoeia, 16th edn. (2012)
prepared dried ginger Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
processed ginger Other Japanese Pharmacopoeia, 16th edn. (2012)
raw ginger Other Korean Herbal Pharmacopoeia (2002)
rhizoma zingiberis Pharmaceutical Illus. Chinese Materia Medica (Wu, 2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
rhizoma zingiberis officinale Pharmaceutical Malaysian Herbal Monograph, Vol. 1. (1999)
rhizoma zingiberis praeparatum Pharmaceutical Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
rhizoma zingiberis recens Pharmaceutical Illus. Chinese Materia Medica (Wu, 2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
rimpang jahe Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
rizom de ghimbir Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
sa-e Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
saenggang Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
sahangrez Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
sakanjabir Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
sankanjabir Other Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
saunth Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
semmar Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
sga Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
sge ugser Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
sheng jiang Other Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
Illus. Chinese Materia Medica (Wu, 2005)
U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016)
shengiang Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
shengjiang Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2015)
shenjing Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
sho-ont Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
shoga Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
shokyo Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
shonkyoh Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
shonth Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
shouhkyoh Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
shunthi Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
shēngjiāng Other Medicinal Plants in China (WHO, 1997)
sinziminli Other Ghana Herbal Pharmacopoeia (Busia, 2007)
sman-sga Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
sonth Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Demand & Supply of Med. Pl. in India (Ved et al., 2008)
Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
sonthi Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
soonth Other Demand & Supply of Med. Pl. in India (Ved et al., 2008)
srngavera Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
sukkh Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
sukku Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
sund Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
sundh Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
sunth Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
suntha Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
sunthi Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Demand & Supply of Med. Pl. in India (Ved et al., 2008)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
sunti Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
tangawizi Other Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
tinctura zingiberis Pharmaceutical Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
tsintsimin Other Ghana Herbal Pharmacopoeia (Busia, 2007)
tsintsimir Other Ghana Herbal Pharmacopoeia (Busia, 2007)
tunga Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
ularnta iñci Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
unbleached ginger Other U.S. Pharmacopoeia USP 37 (2013)
U.S. Pharmacopoeia USP 39 (2016)
visva Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
visvabhesaja Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
visvausadha Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
viśva Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
viśvabheṣaja Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
viśvauāṣadha Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
viśvā Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
viḍamūḍiya amirtam Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
vērkkompu Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
wai Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
yeshengjiang Other Homegarden Med. Ethnobot. of Naxi in NW Yunnan (Yang et al., 2014)
zangabil ee-e-tar Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
zanjabeel Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
zanjabeel ratab Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
zanjabeel taza Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
zanjabil Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
zanjebil Other Traditional Persian Med. Pl. Database (Rahimi et al., 2018)
zencebîl Other Ethnobot. & Trade of Pl. in Qaysari Market, Iraq (Mati & Boer, 2011)
zencefîl Other Ethnobot. & Trade of Pl. in Qaysari Market, Iraq (Mati & Boer, 2011)
zenzero Other Encyclopedia of Herb. Medicine (Bartram, 1995)
GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
World Economic Plants (Wiersema et al., 2013)
zenzero rizoma Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
zinam Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
zingabil urratab Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
zingiber Other Herbal Medicines, 3rd edn. (Barnes et al, 2007)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
zingiber (dried ginger) Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
zingiber officinale Other U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016)
U.S. Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia (HPUS, 2009)
zingiberis processum rhizoma Pharmaceutical Japanese Pharmacopoeia, 16th edn. (2012)
zingiberis rhizoma Other E-Kommission: Approved Status (1984-1994)
EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
European Pharmacopoeia, 6th edn. (2007)
European Pharmacopoeia, 7th edn. (2012)
Japanese Pharmacopoeia 15th edn. (2006)
Japanese Pharmacopoeia, 16th edn. (2012)
Korean Pharmacopoeia, 9th edn. (2007)
Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2015)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
zingiberis rhizoma crudus Pharmaceutical Korean Herbal Pharmacopoeia (2002)
zingiberis rhizoma praeparatum Pharmaceutical Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2015)
zingiberis rhizoma pulveratum Pharmaceutical Japanese Pharmacopoeia 15th edn. (2006)
Japanese Pharmacopoeia, 16th edn. (2012)
zingiberis rhizoma recens Pharmaceutical Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2015)
zingibil Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
zinjabil Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
zinjabîl Other Med. Pl. Yemen (Fleurentin et al., 1982)
zázvorový oddenek Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
ārdraka (rhizome) Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
ārttarakam Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
ďumbierový podzemok Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
ġinġer Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
śuṇṭhī (rhizome) Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
śṛṅgavera Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
ζιγγιβέρεως ρίζωμα Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
джинджифил Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
коренище Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
زنجبيل Other Traditional Persian Med. Pl. Database (Rahimi et al., 2018)
カンキョウ Other Japanese Pharmacopoeia, 16th edn. (2012)
ショウキョウ Other Japanese Pharmacopoeia, 16th edn. (2012)
ショウキョウ末 Other Japanese Pharmacopoeia, 16th edn. (2012)
干姜 Other TCM Plants for Syst. Bio. Evaluation (Eisenberg et al, 2011)
生姜 Other Medicinal Plants in China (WHO, 1997)
生薑 Other Medicinal Plants in China (WHO, 1997)