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Plant Details

Accepted name: 
Zingiber officinale Roscoe [Zingiberaceae]
Source of taxonomy and confidence: 
World Checklist ( Three stars out of three )
Information about this plant: 
Non-scientific name: Class of name: Medicinal source:
aadar shuth Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
aadu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
aaithing Other Ethnobot. of the Pangkhua Community in Bangladesh (Faruque, 2019)
aardraka Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
aardrakamu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ab adarak Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ab adrak taza Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
abe-e-adrak Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ada Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Ethnobot. of the Pangkhua Community in Bangladesh (Faruque, 2019)
Ethnomed. of Garo Hills, Durgapur, Bangladesh (Khan et al., 2015)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Medicinal Plant Marketing in Bangladesh (Dixie et al., 2003)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
adab Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
adarak Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Medicinal Plant Marketing in Bangladesh (Dixie et al., 2003)
adarakha Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
adasuth Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
adhruka Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
adi Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
adrak Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Pl. Meds for Musculoskeletal Disorders, N. Pakistan (Malik et al., 2018)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
adrak bayraisha Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
adraka Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
adrakam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
adrakh Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
adu Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
aduwa Other MAPs in Makawanpur District, Central Nepal (Bhattarai et al., 2017)
Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
african ginger Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
afu Other Ghana Herbal Pharmacopoeia (Busia, 2007)
agumetakui Other Ghana Herbal Pharmacopoeia (Busia, 2007)
ajej Other Med. Plants of the Achuar, Ecuador (Giovannini, 2015)
ajenjibre Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
akakadur Other Ghana Herbal Pharmacopoeia (Busia, 2007)
akakaduru Other Ghana Herbal Pharmacopoeia (Busia, 2007)
ala Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
alam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ale Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
alea Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
alem Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
alen Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
alla Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
allam Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
allamakikam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
allamu Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
allumu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
amutankarantanancu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
andrakam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
anupacam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
anupakam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
anupama Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
apakacakam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
apakrishnaka Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
arattirakam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ardak Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
ardrak Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
ardraka Other Demand & Supply of Med. Pl. in India (Ved et al., 2008)
Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
ardrakah Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ardrakam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
ardrakamu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
ardrakanagaram Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ardrashaka Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ardrika Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
artrakam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
arttarakam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
arttiracakam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
arttiragam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
arukkan Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
asunglasemtong Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
ata-le Other Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
ata-le jinja Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
atakam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
atale Other Med. Plants in Lagos, Nigeria. (Olowokudejo, 2008)
atiram Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
attiradam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
attirakam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
attiram Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
attuvakam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ausadha Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
auṣadha Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
baojiang Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
bca sga Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
bca-sga Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
bcasga Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
beuing Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
caupannam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
cauvarnam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
chandrakhya Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
chaulai Other Pl. Meds for Musculoskeletal Disorders, N. Pakistan (Malik et al., 2018)
chhebok Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
chiang Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
chichámbara Other Med. Pl. E. Nicaragua (Coe et al., 1996)
chinchatakam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
chinchiver Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
chitta Other Ghana Herbal Pharmacopoeia (Busia, 2007)
chukka Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
chukku Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
cincatakam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
cinciver Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
cirunkacikacceti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
cirunkacikam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
cirunkalaiperam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
cirunkaveram Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
citaraho Other Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
cochin ginger Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
common ginger Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
conti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
contikkompu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
cuccu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
cukku Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
cukku (dried rhizome) Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
cunti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
cuṇḍi Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
darchini Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
djae Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
dried ginger rhizome Other Illus. Chinese Materia Medica (Wu, 2005)
dry ginger Other Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
east indian ginger Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ellam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
erukkilannu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
extractum zingiberis liquidum Pharmaceutical Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
fresh ginger Other Illus. Chinese Materia Medica (Wu, 2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
gan jiang Other Herbal Medicines, 3rd edn. (Barnes et al, 2007)
Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
Illus. Chinese Materia Medica (Wu, 2005)
TCM Plants for Syst. Bio. Evaluation (Eisenberg et al, 2011)
Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016)
ganjiang Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2015)
WHODrug Herbal Substances (WHO-UMC, 2019)
garden ginger Other U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016)
gember Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
gemberwortel Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
gengibre Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Med. Pl. Braz. Pharm. (Brandão et al., 2006)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
gingembre Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
ISO 4720:2009 Essential oils: Nomenclature (2009)
Les Plantes Méd. de la Pharmacopée: Liste A (2000)
Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
Plants of Econ. Importance (FAO, 1983)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
World Economic Plants (Wiersema et al., 2013)
gingembre (rhizome de) Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
ginger Other Ayurvedic Med. Pl. of Sri Lanka (Samarasuriya et al., 2020)
Ayurvedic Med. Plants of Sri Lanka (2016)
Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
British Pharmacopoeia 2009, Vol. 4 (2008)
British Pharmacopoeia 2012, Vol. 4 (2011)
British Pharmacopoeia 2015, Vol. 4 (2014)
EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
European Pharmacopoeia, 6th edn. (2007)
European Pharmacopoeia, 7th edn. (2012)
GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Ghana Herbal Pharmacopoeia (Busia, 2007)
Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
Herbal Medicines, 3rd edn. (Barnes et al, 2007)
Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
ISO 4720:2009 Essential oils: Nomenclature (2009)
ISO Catalogue (2009)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Jamaican Root Tonics (Mitchell, 2011)
Japanese Pharmacopoeia 15th edn. (2006)
Japanese Pharmacopoeia, 16th edn. (2012)
Korean Pharmacopoeia, 9th edn. (2007)
Malaysian Herbal Monograph, Vol. 1. (1999)
Med. Pl. Nicarag. Atlantic Coast (Barrett, 1994)
Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
Medicinal Plant Marketing in Bangladesh (Dixie et al., 2003)
Medicinal Plants in China (WHO, 1997)
Medicinal plants in Viet Nam (WHO, 1990)
Plants of Econ. Importance (FAO, 1983)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Survey of Trad. Drugs Sold in Jordan (Lev, 2002)
Trad. Drugs in Israel at End C20th (Lev & Amar, 2000)
U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016)
U.S. Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia (HPUS, 2009)
U.S. Pharmacopoeia USP 32 (2008)
U.S. Pharmacopoeia USP 37 (2013)
U.S. Pharmacopoeia USP 39 (2016)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
World Economic Plants (Wiersema et al., 2013)
ginger liquid extract Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
ginger oil Other Food Chemicals Codex (USP, 2008)
ginger root Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
ginger tincture Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
gnji Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
gringer Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
gulmamula Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
gung Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
gyömbér gyökértörzs Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
gznger Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
halad Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
halia Other Malaysian Herbal Monograph, Vol. 1. (1999)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
halia bara Other Malaysian Herbal Monograph, Vol. 3. (2013)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
halia hudangsia Other Malaysian Herbal Monograph, Vol. 3. (2013)
halia merah Other Malaysian Herbal Monograph, Vol. 3. (2013)
halia padi Other Malaysian Herbal Monograph, Vol. 3. (2013)
halija Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
haliya bara Other Malaysian Herbal Monograph, Vol. 3. (2013)
hashi-shunti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
hasi shunti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
hasishunthi Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
hasishunti Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
hasishunti kash Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
hasisunthi Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
hasisunti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
hli Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
ilakkottai Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
imbierų šakniastiebiai Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
inchi Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
inci Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ingberwurgel Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
ingefära Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
ingefær Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
ingefærc Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
inghi Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
inguere Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
inguru Other Ayurvedic Med. Pl. of Sri Lanka (Samarasuriya et al., 2020)
Ayurvedic Med. Plants of Sri Lanka (2016)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
ingvera saknenis Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
ingverijuurikas Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
ingwer Other Encyclopedia of Herb. Medicine (Bartram, 1995)
GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
Plants of Econ. Importance (FAO, 1983)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
World Economic Plants (Wiersema et al., 2013)
ingwerwurzelstock Other E-Kommission: Approved Status (1984-1994)
EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
injee Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
inji Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
injie Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
inkivääri Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
inschi Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
inschikua Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ischi Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
iñci (fresh rhizome) Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
jahe Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
jamaica ginger Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
janzabeil Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
jengibre Other Annexo III: Veg. Drugs in Registry of Meds, Argentina (2009)
GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
Med. Plants of the Achuar, Ecuador (Giovannini, 2015)
Plants of Econ. Importance (FAO, 1983)
World Economic Plants (Wiersema et al., 2013)
jengibre, raíz Other Farmacopea Herbolaria Mexicanos (2013)
jengibre, rizoma de Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
jenjibre Other Med. Pl. Nicarag. Atlantic Coast (Barrett, 1994)
jiang Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016)
jiang ding Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
jiang liujingao Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
jiang pi Other Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016)
jinja Other Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
Med. Plants in Lagos, Nigeria. (Olowokudejo, 2008)
jion Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
kakaduru Other Ghana Herbal Pharmacopoeia (Busia, 2007)
kakaotshofa Other Ghana Herbal Pharmacopoeia (Busia, 2007)
kallamu Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
kan chiang Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
kandara Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kanga Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
karumpalam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
katu pattiram Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
katubhadra Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
katukantam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
katukkata Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
katukkiranti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
katupalam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
katuvankam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kaubhadra Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
kaṭubhadra Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
kerati Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
khaara genasu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
khenseing Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
khiang Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
khing Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
khing klaeng Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
khing phueak Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
khing-daeng Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
khuong Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
kingra Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
kintoki Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
kirantilam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kodataram Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
konga Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
korenika pravega ingverja Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
kottai Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kottaninci Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kulekhara Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
kulumaimulam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kulumamulam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kulumulam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kłącze imbiru Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
lahja Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
lakottai Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
lei Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
luya Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
machhaka Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
mahausadha Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
mahaushadamu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
mahaushadha Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
mahaushadhamu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
mahija Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
manakimuli Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
mangawizi Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
maruppu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
maruppukkilanku Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
matil Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
mekakkaruvati Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
melati Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
moruhalasatam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
muhauṣadha Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
mulaja Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
murraba-i-zanjibil Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
naara Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
nagara Other Ayurvedic Med. Pl. of Sri Lanka (Samarasuriya et al., 2020)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
nagaraka Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
nagaram Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
naisunmthi Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
nakaram Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
naramparuppu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
narampu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
narumaruppu matil Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
navacuru Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ngesnges Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
niamaku Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
nkrabro Other Ghana Herbal Pharmacopoeia (Busia, 2007)
nkrallia Other Ghana Herbal Pharmacopoeia (Busia, 2007)
nkrawusa Other Ghana Herbal Pharmacopoeia (Busia, 2007)
nāgara Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
oda Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
odzahui Other Ghana Herbal Pharmacopoeia (Busia, 2007)
oleoresin ginger Other Food Chemicals Codex (USP, 2008)
oshoga Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
paccai Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
paccaikkompu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
palana Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
pali Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
palu Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
pao jiang Other Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016)
paojiang Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2015)
powdered ginger Other Japanese Pharmacopoeia 15th edn. (2006)
Japanese Pharmacopoeia, 16th edn. (2012)
prepared dried ginger Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
processed ginger Other Japanese Pharmacopoeia, 16th edn. (2012)
rahuchhana Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
raw ginger Other Korean Herbal Pharmacopoeia (2002)
rhizoma zingiberis Pharmaceutical Illus. Chinese Materia Medica (Wu, 2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
rhizoma zingiberis officinale Pharmaceutical Malaysian Herbal Monograph, Vol. 1. (1999)
rhizoma zingiberis praeparatum Pharmaceutical Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
rhizoma zingiberis recens Pharmaceutical Illus. Chinese Materia Medica (Wu, 2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
rimpang jahe Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
rizom de ghimbir Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
sa-e Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
saenggang Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
sahangrez Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
saikateshtha Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
sakanjabir Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
sangai Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
sankanjabir Other Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
saunth Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
semmar Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
sga Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
sga skya Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
sge u-gser Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
sge ugser Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
sharnga Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
sheng jiang Other Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
Illus. Chinese Materia Medica (Wu, 2005)
Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016)
shengiang Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
shengjiang Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2015)
shenjing Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
sho-ont Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
shoga Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
shokyo Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
shonkyoh Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
shonth Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
shouhkyoh Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
shringahera Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
shukhu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
shukku Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
shuntee Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
shunthi Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
shunti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
shēngjiāng Other Medicinal Plants in China (WHO, 1997)
sigaram Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
sindhi Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
singaveram Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
sinziminli Other Ghana Herbal Pharmacopoeia (Busia, 2007)
sman-sga Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
sonte Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
sonth Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Demand & Supply of Med. Pl. in India (Ved et al., 2008)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
sonth nim kofta Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
sonthi Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
sonti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
sookkoo Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
soonth Other Demand & Supply of Med. Pl. in India (Ved et al., 2008)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
srangavera Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
sringa-beram Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
sringabaeramu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
sringaberamu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
sringavera Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
sringiveram Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
sringveradrakam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
srngabera Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
srngavera Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
sryngaberamu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
sryngiveram Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
sukkh Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
sukku Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
sund Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
sundh Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
sundi Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
sunte Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
sunth Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
suntha Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
sunthi Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Demand & Supply of Med. Pl. in India (Ved et al., 2008)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Medicinal Plant Marketing in Bangladesh (Dixie et al., 2003)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
sunti Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
sushakaka Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
taki Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tangawizi Other Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
tikshnottham Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tinctura zingiberis Pharmaceutical Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
tinkshnottham Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tirkuta Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tsintsimin Other Ghana Herbal Pharmacopoeia (Busia, 2007)
tsintsimir Other Ghana Herbal Pharmacopoeia (Busia, 2007)
tunga Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
ularnta inci Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ularnta iñci Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
unbleached ginger Other U.S. Pharmacopoeia USP 37 (2013)
U.S. Pharmacopoeia USP 39 (2016)
upakullam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
utanam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vana-sunthi Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vanashunti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vanasunthi Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vansunthi Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vara Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
verkkompu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vicumapetakam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vicvapesajam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
virucam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
virukam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vishabeshajam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vishva-bhishagam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
visva Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
visvaa Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
visvabhesaja Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
visvausadha Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
vitamutiya amirtan Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
viśva Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
viśvabheṣaja Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
viśvauāṣadha Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
viśvā Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
viḍamūḍiya amirtam Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
vona-shunti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vērkkompu Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
wai Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
yeshengjiang Other Homegarden Med. Ethnobot. of Naxi in NW Yunnan (Yang et al., 2014)
zangabil ee-e-tar Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
zanjabeel Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
zanjabeel ratab Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
zanjabeel taza Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
zanjabil Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
zanjabile-khushk Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
zanjabile-ratab Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
zanjabile-tar Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
zanjabile-yabis Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
zanjebil Other Traditional Persian Med. Pl. Database (Rahimi et al., 2018)
zanjibil Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
zanjibil nim kofta Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
zanjibil saida Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
zanjibil sayida Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
zanjilbil Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
zencebîl Other Ethnobot. & Trade of Pl. in Qaysari Market, Iraq (Mati & Boer, 2011)
zencefîl Other Ethnobot. & Trade of Pl. in Qaysari Market, Iraq (Mati & Boer, 2011)
zenzero Other Encyclopedia of Herb. Medicine (Bartram, 1995)
GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
World Economic Plants (Wiersema et al., 2013)
zenzero rizoma Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
zinam Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
zingabil urratab Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
zinger Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
zingiber Other Herbal Medicines, 3rd edn. (Barnes et al, 2007)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
zingiber (dried ginger) Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
zingiber officinale Other U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016)
U.S. Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia (HPUS, 2009)
zingiberis processum rhizoma Pharmaceutical Japanese Pharmacopoeia, 16th edn. (2012)
zingiberis rhizoma Other E-Kommission: Approved Status (1984-1994)
EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
European Pharmacopoeia, 6th edn. (2007)
European Pharmacopoeia, 7th edn. (2012)
Japanese Pharmacopoeia 15th edn. (2006)
Japanese Pharmacopoeia, 16th edn. (2012)
Korean Pharmacopoeia, 9th edn. (2007)
Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2015)
Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
zingiberis rhizoma crudus Pharmaceutical Korean Herbal Pharmacopoeia (2002)
zingiberis rhizoma praeparatum Pharmaceutical Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2015)
zingiberis rhizoma pulveratum Pharmaceutical Japanese Pharmacopoeia 15th edn. (2006)
Japanese Pharmacopoeia, 16th edn. (2012)
zingiberis rhizoma recens Pharmaceutical Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2015)
Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
zingibil Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
zinjabil Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 1 (1999)
zinjabîl Other Med. Pl. Yemen (Fleurentin et al., 1982)
zinjibil Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
zufa-i-khushk Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
zázvorový oddenek Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
ārdraka (rhizome) Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
ārttarakam Other Siddha Pharmacopoeia India, vol. 1 (2008)
ďumbierový podzemok Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
ġinġer Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
śuṇṭhī (rhizome) Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
śṛṅgavera Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
ζιγγιβέρεως ρίζωμα Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
джинджифил Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
коренище Other EMA Com. Monog.: Zingiber officinale, rhiz. (2010)
زنجبيل Other Traditional Persian Med. Pl. Database (Rahimi et al., 2018)
カンキョウ Other Japanese Pharmacopoeia, 16th edn. (2012)
ショウキョウ Other Japanese Pharmacopoeia, 16th edn. (2012)
ショウキョウ末 Other Japanese Pharmacopoeia, 16th edn. (2012)
乾薑 Other Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
干姜 Other TCM Plants for Syst. Bio. Evaluation (Eisenberg et al, 2011)
生姜 Other Medicinal Plants in China (WHO, 1997)
生薑 Other Medicinal Plants in China (WHO, 1997)
Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)