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Plant Details

Accepted name: 
Areca catechu L. [Arecaceae]
Source of taxonomy and confidence: 
World Checklist ( Three stars out of three )
Information about this plant: 
Non-scientific name: Class of name: Medicinal source:
adaka Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
adakai Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
adake Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
adaki Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
adakka Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
adakku Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
adika Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
adike Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
adike kaayi Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
adike mara Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
adikemara Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
akota Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
akotaja Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
akotam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
arec cachou Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
arec de l'inde Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
areca Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Japanese Pharmacopoeia 15th edn. (2006)
Japanese Pharmacopoeia, 16th edn. (2012)
Korean Pharmacopoeia, 9th edn. (2007)
Plants of Econ. Importance (FAO, 1983)
Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
areca catechu Other U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016)
U.S. Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia (HPUS, 2009)
areca nut Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Medicinal Plants in China (WHO, 1997)
Survey of Trad. Drugs Sold in Jordan (Lev, 2002)
Trad. Drugs in Israel at End C20th (Lev & Amar, 2000)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
areca nut tree Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
areca palm Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Medicinal Plants in China (WHO, 1997)
Medicinal plants in Viet Nam (WHO, 1990)
U.S. Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia (HPUS, 2009)
areca peel Other Illus. Chinese Materia Medica (Wu, 2005)
Korean Pharmacopoeia, 9th edn. (2007)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
areca seed Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
areca seeds Other Illus. Chinese Materia Medica (Wu, 2005)
areca-nut Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
U.S. Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia (HPUS, 2009)
areca-nut palm Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Malaysian Herbal Monograph, Vol. 2. (2009)
Medicinal plants in Viet Nam (WHO, 1990)
arecae pericarpium Pharmaceutical Hong Kong Chinese Materia Med. Standards (2014)
Korean Herbal Pharmacopoeia (2002)
Korean Pharmacopoeia, 9th edn. (2007)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2015)
Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
arecae semen Pharmaceutical Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
Hong Kong Chinese Materia Med. Standards (2014)
Japanese Pharmacopoeia 15th edn. (2006)
Japanese Pharmacopoeia, 16th edn. (2012)
Korean Pharmacopoeia, 9th edn. (2007)
Malaysian Herbal Monograph, Vol. 2. (2009)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2015)
Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
arecae semen tostum Pharmaceutical Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2015)
arecanut Other Ayurvedic Med. Pl. of Sri Lanka (Samarasuriya et al., 2020)
Ayurvedic Med. Plants of Sri Lanka (2016)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
arekanuss Other Plants of Econ. Importance (FAO, 1983)
arekasame Other Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
arequeira Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
aréquier Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Les Plantes Arom. et Med. (Bremness, 1996)
Les Plantes Méd. de la Pharmacopée: Liste A (2000)
Med. Pl. Indian Ocean Ils. (Gurib-Fakim et al., 2004)
Plants of Econ. Importance (FAO, 1983)
ataikkay Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
atakka Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ataykkamaram Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
atekka Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
atekkai Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
betel nut Other Malaysian Herbal Monograph, Vol. 2. (2009)
Medicinal Plant Marketing in Bangladesh (Dixie et al., 2003)
Medicinal Plants in China (WHO, 1997)
Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
betel nut palm Other Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
betel nuts Other Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
betel palm Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Medicinal Plants in China (WHO, 1997)
Medicinal plants in Viet Nam (WHO, 1990)
betel-nut Other U.S. Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia (HPUS, 2009)
betel-nut palm Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Malaysian Herbal Monograph, Vol. 2. (2009)
Med. Pl. Indian Ocean Ils. (Gurib-Fakim et al., 2004)
Medicinal plants in Viet Nam (WHO, 1990)
betelnusspalme Other Kräuter Gewürze und Heilpflanzen (Bremness, 1994)
Plants of Econ. Importance (FAO, 1983)
betelnut Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
betelnut palm Other Encyclopedia of Herb. Medicine (Bartram, 1995)
Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
The Plant-Book (Mabberley, 1996)
U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016)
betelnuß Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
betelpalm Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
betelpalme Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
betle nut Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
betta Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
bettadake Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
bettadike Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
bette Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
bin lang Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
bing lang Other Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
Illus. Chinese Materia Medica (Wu, 2005)
binglang Other Hong Kong Chinese Materia Med. Standards (2014)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2015)
binlang Other Trad. Med. in Dali Prefecture, SW China. (Zhang et al., 2014)
bonga Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Plants of Econ. Importance (FAO, 1983)
bīnglang Other Medicinal Plants in China (WHO, 1997)
cakuntikai Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
cakuntikaimaram Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
catechu Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
catechu palm Other Medicinal plants in Viet Nam (WHO, 1990)
Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
catechu-palme Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
cattamarkkam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
caunga Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
cavooghoo Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
chaalia Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
chalia Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
chalia jalai hui Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
chalia purani jalai hai Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
chalia sokhta Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
charred areca seed Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
chautaki Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
chempalukka Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
chhalia Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
chhalia kohna sokhta Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
chhataphala Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
chikaniyadike Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
chikinamu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
chikini Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
chikkana Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
chikke Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
chikni chhalia Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
choalia Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
cikaniyadike Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
cikinamu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
cikini Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
cikke Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
cuanga Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
curancanam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
da fu mao Other Illus. Chinese Materia Medica (Wu, 2005)
da fu pi Other Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
Illus. Chinese Materia Medica (Wu, 2005)
TCM Plants for Syst. Bio. Evaluation (Eisenberg et al, 2011)
Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
dafupi Other Hong Kong Chinese Materia Med. Standards (2014)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2015)
Trad. Med. in Dali Prefecture, SW China. (Zhang et al., 2014)
dirghapadapa Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
dridhavalkala Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
faufil Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
fofal Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
fofal or foufal Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
fofal or fouzal Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
foufal Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Traditional Persian Med. Pl. Database (Rahimi et al., 2018)
fufal Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
fufal (chalia) Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
gautupoka Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ghhonta Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
ghonta Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
ghoṇṭā Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
ghuyu Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
gird-chob Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
girdchob Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
gla gor zo sa Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
go yu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
go-yu Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
gond supari Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
gopadala Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
gotadike Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
gu-yu Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
gua Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
gubak Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
gul supari Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
guvaka Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
gwaye Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
indian-nut Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
inippilapatitam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
inippilatitamaram Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
iracatalam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
jiaobinglang Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2015)
kabukah Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kaiccikam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kaiccikamaram Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kalacattiram Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kalaymaram Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kalunnu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kamugu Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
kamuka Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kamuku Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kamunnu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kandi Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kangu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kanti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kapitana Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
karamattam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kasaili Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
katha Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
katti Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kaungu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kavungu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kavunnu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kazhangu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kazhunnu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
khapura Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
khapuramu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
khhapura Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
khhapuram Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
khipura Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kiramamukimaram Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kiramugam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kiramukam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kirantimukam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kirumukam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kolapoka Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
kottai paakku Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kottai pakku Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kottai-pakku Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kowngu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kra ma ka (p) Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kra mra sa Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kramuka Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
kramukah Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kramukam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kramukamu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kugagam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kukacamaram Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kukakam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kuvakam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kuvara Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
kuwase Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
madi Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
maturapakam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
maturapakamaram Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
mazg/ sopari Other Pl. for Geohelminth in Kalat District, Pakistan (Bibi et al., 2016)
mpvopvoo Other Med. Pl. Indian Ocean Ils. (Gurib-Fakim et al., 2004)
nattukkamuku Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
noix d'arec Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
Les Plantes Méd. de la Pharmacopée: Liste A (2000)
oka Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
oppulu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
oppuvakkulu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
paak Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
paka chekka Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
pakavakka Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pakhumaram Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
pakka Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
pakku Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
pakkumaram Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pakkuppanai Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
paku-kotai Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
palacankiyam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
palacinikiyamam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
palma arec Other Encyclopedia of Herb. Medicine (Bartram, 1995)
panthong Other Ethnobot. of the Pangkhua Community in Bangladesh (Faruque, 2019)
penang palm Other Medicinal plants in Viet Nam (WHO, 1990)
pericarpium arecae Pharmaceutical Illus. Chinese Materia Medica (Wu, 2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
phalam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pin Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
pinang Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Malaysian Herbal Monograph, Vol. 2. (2009)
Med. Pl. Kalimantan (Caniago et al., 1998)
U.S. Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia (HPUS, 2009)
pinang palm Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
piramataru Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
piramatarucam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pirumaniyam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pogamu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
poka Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
poka chettu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
poka-vakka Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pooga Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
poogi Other Medicinal Plant Marketing in Bangladesh (Dixie et al., 2003)
poogi phala Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
popal Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
pophal Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pophala Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pophali Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
prakka Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
puga Other Ayurvedic Med. Pl. of Sri Lanka (Samarasuriya et al., 2020)
Demand & Supply of Med. Pl. in India (Ved et al., 2008)
Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
puga-phalam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pugah Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pugam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pugamu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
pugi Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pugiphala Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
pugo Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
pung Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
pupal Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
putakam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
puwak Other Ayurvedic Med. Pl. of Sri Lanka (Samarasuriya et al., 2020)
Ayurvedic Med. Plants of Sri Lanka (2016)
pūga (seed) Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
rajatala Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
semen arecae Pharmaceutical Illus. Chinese Materia Medica (Wu, 2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
semen arecae praepareta Pharmaceutical Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
sepāri Other Traditional Persian Med. Pl. Database (Rahimi et al., 2018)
sla bor se sa (d) Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
sopari Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
spari Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
supaaree Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
supari Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Demand & Supply of Med. Pl. in India (Ved et al., 2008)
Ethnobot. of the Pangkhua Community in Bangladesh (Faruque, 2019)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Medicinal Plant Marketing in Bangladesh (Dixie et al., 2003)
Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
supari chikni pisi hui Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
supiari Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
suppari Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
supri Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
supyari Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
suranjana Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
talattiram Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tambul Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
tambula Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tamol Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
tampulavatanimaram Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tamul Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
tantucaram Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tantucaramaram Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tantusara Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tarpati Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
taru Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
thaamboola Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
thaamboolagotu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tiritavalkam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tuvarkkay Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
tuvarkkaymaram Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
udvegam Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vaka Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
vakka Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
vakkalu Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
valkataru Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
waklonwaphrun Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
zu (m) khan Other Indian Med. Pl. Database (TDU, 2020)
سپاری Other Traditional Persian Med. Pl. Database (Rahimi et al., 2018)
فوفل Other Traditional Persian Med. Pl. Database (Rahimi et al., 2018)
පුවක් Other Ayurvedic Med. Pl. of Sri Lanka (Samarasuriya et al., 2020)
ビンロウジ Other Japanese Pharmacopoeia, 16th edn. (2012)
大腹皮 Other Hong Kong Chinese Materia Med. Standards (2014)
TCM Plants for Syst. Bio. Evaluation (Eisenberg et al, 2011)
Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)
Trad. Med. in Dali Prefecture, SW China. (Zhang et al., 2014)
槟榔 Other Medicinal Plants in China (WHO, 1997)
Trad. Med. in Dali Prefecture, SW China. (Zhang et al., 2014)
檳榔 Other Hong Kong Chinese Materia Med. Standards (2014)
Medicinal Plants in China (WHO, 1997)
Taiwan Herbal Pharmacop. 3rd Chinese ed. (MOHW, 2018)