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Plant Details

Accepted name: 
Ricinus communis L. [Euphorbiaceae]
Source of taxonomy and confidence: 
World Checklist ( Three stars out of three )
Information about this plant: 
Non-scientific name: Class of name: Medicinal plant reference:
"dan kwasare Other Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
/kheeras Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
aa ma Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
aamudamu Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
aamudamu chettu Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
aaril Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
aavanak Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
abanakka Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
ader Other MAPs in Makawanpur District, Central Nepal (Bhattarai et al., 2017)
african coffee tree Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
agaliva Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
amanakku Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
ambanakka Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
amidamu Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
amudam Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
amudamu Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
amudanu Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
amudapu veru Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
amudmuchetu Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
andela Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
andeo Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
ander Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
andi Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
andu Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
angan-tangan Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
aran Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
arand Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Demand & Supply of Med. Pl. in India (Ved et al., 2008)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
aranda Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
arandi Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
arash Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
arend Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
arer Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
areth Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
aril Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
arind Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
arundi Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
ater Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
audla Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
avanakku Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
avend Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
awriwra Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
ayrunkukri Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
b?nu Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
bafureira Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
balambaal olyo Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
balamball Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
banangir Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
bed anjeer Other Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
bedanjir Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
bele ni vavalagi Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
bheranda Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
bherenda Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
bi ma Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
bi ma gen Other Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
bi ma ye Other Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
bi ma you Other Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
bi ma zi Other Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
bima Other Med. Pls. Used by Maonan People in China. (Hong et l., 2015)
bimayou Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
bimazi Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2015)
bimázi Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
bofareira Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
botareira Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
bìmázǐ Other Medicinal Plants in China (WHO, 1997)
carapate Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
carrapateira Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
carrapateiro Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
caster bean plant Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
caster oil bush Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
castor Other Ayurvedic Med. Plants of Sri Lanka (2016)
GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
castor bean Other Native American Ethnobotany (Moerman, 1998)
SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
U.S. Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia (HPUS, 2009)
Wild Med. Pl. Jordan (Al-Qura'n, 2009)
castor bean tree Other Medicinal Plants in China (WHO, 1997)
SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
castor oil Other British Pharmacopoeia 2015, Vol. 4 (2014)
Food Chemicals Codex (USP, 2008)
Japanese Pharmacopoeia 15th edn. (2006)
Japanese Pharmacopoeia, 16th edn. (2012)
Korean Pharmacopoeia, 9th edn. (2007)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
U.S. Pharmacopoeia USP 32 (2008)
U.S. Pharmacopoeia USP 37 (2013)
U.S. Pharmacopoeia USP 39 (2016)
castor oil plant Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Commercially Important African Med. Plants (Van Wyk, 2015)
Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
Medicinal plants in Viet Nam (WHO, 1990)
SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
Survey of Trad. Drugs Sold in Jordan (Lev, 2002)
Trad. Drugs in Israel at End C20th (Lev & Amar, 2000)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
castor oil tree Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
castor oil, refined Other European Pharmacopoeia, 6th edn. (2007)
European Pharmacopoeia, 7th edn. (2012)
castor oil, virgin Other European Pharmacopoeia, 6th edn. (2007)
European Pharmacopoeia, 7th edn. (2012)
castor seed Other Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
castor-bean Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
castor-bean tree Other Medicinal plants in Viet Nam (WHO, 1990)
castor-bean-plant Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
castor-oil bush Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
castor-oil plant Other Encyclopedia of Herb. Medicine (Bartram, 1995)
Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
Timber Press Plant Names (Erhardt et al., 2009)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
World Economic Plants (Wiersema et al., 2013)
castor-oil tree Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
castor-oil-plant Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
cemeiner wunderbaum;chittmani Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
christuspalme Other Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
citrā Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
daldo Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
dan-khra Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
dandarobi Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
dar-ta Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
djarak Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
djarak djeetoon Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
djarak kaleeki Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
e-ra Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
eda Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
endaru Other Ayurvedic Med. Plants of Sri Lanka (2016)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
endi Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
era Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
eramd Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
eramdee Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
eramudapu Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
erand Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
erand;eranda Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
eranda Other Demand & Supply of Med. Pl. in India (Ved et al., 2008)
Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
erandee Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
erandio Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
erando Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
eraṇḍa (fresh leaf) Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
eraṇḍa (root) Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
eraṇḍa (seed) Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
erendi Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
eri Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
erri Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
erund Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
fampinonoana Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
franda Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
gab Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
gaba Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
gandharva hasthah Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
gandharva-hasta Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
gandharvahasta Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
genegerçek Other Ethnobot. & Trade of Pl. in Qaysari Market, Iraq (Mati & Boer, 2011)
gloubottelboom Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
gulo Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
gulqwas Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
haralu Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
harlu Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
harwaa Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
heran Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
higuera Other Med. Pl. Nicarag. Atlantic Coast (Barrett, 1994)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
higuereta Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
higuerilla Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
World Economic Plants (Wiersema et al., 2013)
higuerilla blanca Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
higuerillo Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
higuerillo blanco Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
higuerillo rojo Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
higuero Other Med. Pl. E. Nicaragua (Coe et al., 1996)
Med. Pl. Nicarag. Atlantic Coast (Barrett, 1994)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
himashiyu Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
himasiyu Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
igonu Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
ilara Other Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
ilarun Other Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
indeyo Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
jada Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
jar Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
jarak Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
kaleeki Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
kalèkè Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
karchak Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
kastalan qajne Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
kasterolie Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
kasterolieboom Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
kasterolieplant Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
kernetil Other Survey in Kohghiluyeh va Boyer Ahmad, Iran (Mosaddegh, 2012)
kerwa Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
kesusi Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
kharwa Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
kharwa'a Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
kherwa Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
khirva Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
khirwa Other Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
kikarekare Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
krapata Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
kukat Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
kula Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
kula kula Other Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
lahung Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
lapa-lapa-adete Other Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
lara Other Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
legezabwende Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
lepo Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
lepohina Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
lepokula Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
libono Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
libono-bono Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
lidis Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
lonu Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
lupe mbono Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
lupono Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
madhishe aril Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
mahona Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
malibono-bono Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
mamona Other Med. & Pois. Pl. N.E.Braz. (Agra et al., 2007)
Med. Pl. Braz. Pharm. (Brandão et al., 2006)
Med. Pl. N.E.Brazil (Fátima Agra et al., 2008)
SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
mamoneiro Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
masketi Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
mbarika Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
mbono Other Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
mbono mdogo Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
mexico weed Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
mnyono Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
mnyonyo Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
mokhura Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
mokhure Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
mono Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
mons Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
monu Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
mumbeti Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
mupfure Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
muriki Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
muwariki Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
noronda Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
ntoo qaiblab Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
nyonyo Other Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
odagwa Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
ogiri Other Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
ogiri-ugbo Other Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
oleum ricini Pharmaceutical Japanese Pharmacopoeia 15th edn. (2006)
Japanese Pharmacopoeia, 16th edn. (2012)
Korean Pharmacopoeia, 9th edn. (2007)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
olie boom Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
olumono Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
omono Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
omumunu Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
oudala gida Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
palma christi Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Herbs of Commerce (McGuffin et al., 2000)
Medicinal plants in Viet Nam (WHO, 1990)
SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
palma cristi Other Timber Press Plant Names (Erhardt et al., 2009)
World Economic Plants (Wiersema et al., 2013)
palma de cristo Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
palma-christi Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
palmer christi Other Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
panchangulam Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
pañchāṅgul Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
pañcāṅgula Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
pei-ma Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
pimaja Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
pomaskwiti Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
ra’ a kau Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
red chicken tree Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
red eagle foot Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
redh Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
redhi Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
refined castor oil Other British Pharmacopoeia 2015, Vol. 4 (2014)
rend Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
rendee Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
Unani Pharmacopoeia India (2007-2008)
reyar Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
ri Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
ricin Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
Les Plantes Arom. et Med. (Bremness, 1996)
Les Plantes Méd. de la Pharmacopée: Liste A (2000)
Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
Timber Press Plant Names (Erhardt et al., 2009)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
World Economic Plants (Wiersema et al., 2013)
ricini oleum Pharmaceutical Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
ricini oleum raffinatum Pharmaceutical European Pharmacopoeia, 6th edn. (2007)
European Pharmacopoeia, 7th edn. (2012)
ricini oleum virginale Pharmaceutical European Pharmacopoeia, 6th edn. (2007)
European Pharmacopoeia, 7th edn. (2012)
ricini semen Pharmaceutical Korean Herbal Pharmacopoeia (2002)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2010)
Pharmacopoeia of China (2015)
ricinioleum virginale Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
ricino Other Archivos de Flora Iberica (Morales et al., 1996)
Dizionario Delle Erbe Med. (Suozzi, 1995)
GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
World Economic Plants (Wiersema et al., 2013)
ricino, aceite Other Farmacopea Herbolaria Mexico (2001)
ricino, aceite refinado Other Farmacopea Herbolaria Mexicanos (2013)
ricinus Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
ricinus communis Other U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016)
U.S. Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia (HPUS, 2009)
ricinus oil Other Food Chemicals Codex (USP, 2008)
rizinus Other Med. Pl. of the World (Wyk & Wink, 2004)
SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
World Economic Plants (Wiersema et al., 2013)
rubu Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
rumono Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
rwomono Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
rícino Other GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999)
Med. & Pois. Pl. N.E.Braz. (Agra et al., 2007)
Med. Pl. N.E.Brazil (Fátima Agra et al., 2008)
sadabherenda Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
semen ricini Pharmaceutical Pharmacopoeia of China (2005)
tangantangan oil plant Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
tel-enderu Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
thatur Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
tobsha Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
tochem-i-bed-anjir Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
tomontigi Other Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
toto ni vavalagi Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
ttchakkma Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
txiv taw dlaav laab Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
udukaju Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
uldule Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
umchakuva Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
umhlakuva Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
umhlavuthwa Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
umhlawuvuthwa Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
umkakuva Other SEPASAL database (Kew, 1999)
unapalan Other Med. Pl. Nicarag. Atlantic Coast (Barrett, 1994)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
urubu Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
utouto Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
vatari Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
verenda Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
virgin castor oil Other British Pharmacopoeia 2015, Vol. 4 (2014)
vātāri Other Ayurvedic Pharm. of India (1999-2011)
wetapela’celik Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
wonder tree Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
wonderboom Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
wunderbaum Other Les Plantes Arom. et Med. (Bremness, 1996)
Timber Press Plant Names (Erhardt et al., 2009)
World Economic Plants (Wiersema et al., 2013)
wǎi hā Other Med. Plants of Limu Mountains, China (Zheng, 2013)
xirwe3 Other Ethnobot. & Trade of Pl. in Qaysari Market, Iraq (Mati & Boer, 2011)
yanyan Other Plants and People of Nepal (Manandhar, 2002)
zeitel-kharwaa Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
zurma Other Handbook African Med. Pl. (Iwu, 1993)
WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
ḵurû'a Other Med. Pl. Yemen (Fleurentin et al., 1982)
‘dan kwasare;diveli Other WHO Monographs Med. Pl. 4 (2009)
ヒマシ油 Other Japanese Pharmacopoeia, 16th edn. (2012)
蓖麻 Other Med. Pls. Used by Maonan People in China. (Hong et l., 2015)
蓖麻子 Other Medicinal Plants in China (WHO, 1997)